Skip to main content

William Samuel Long Collection

 Collection
Identifier: Mss.Coll.007

Scope and Contents

This collection contains printed and visual materials that pertain to the first president of Elon College, William Samuel Long. The items in this collection are not necessarily papers that were generated by him during his tenure as president of Elon College during 1889-1894, but materials that have been collected by others over the years that relate to W.S. Long. The few original items in the collection from W.S. Long can be found in the following series': Correspondence and Literary Productions. There is a combination of original and reproduced materials throughout this collection.

The collection is arranged alphabetically by type of material into five series, then chronologically within each series, where applicable. The series are: Books; Correspondence; Literary Productions; Photographs; Printed Material.

The majority of the items in both the Books and Correspondence series do not directly pertain to William S. Long. However, within the Correspondence series, there is a letter that discusses the various locations on campus where the portrait of W.S. Long has been displayed (2:6).

The Literary Productions series is the largest in the collection, and contains the most information about William S. Long, his careers, and his relation to Elon College. The majority of this series is comprised of handwritten sermons, both from William S. Long and Reverend James Willis Wellons (3:12-3:27). Other items in this series, such as essays and manuscripts, offer rich details concerning W.S. Long, his family, careers, and his role as Elon College's first president (3:1-3:10). The Printed Material series also contains both biographical and genealogical information relating to W.S. Long, primarily documented in newspaper clippings (5:5-5:17). The Photographs in this collection show images of W.S. Long, his wife, his younger brother Daniel Albright Long, founding fathers of Elon College, and James Willis Wellons (4:1-4:4).

This collection is a great resource for anyone doing research on William Samuel Long, the Long family, his contributions to Graham Normal College, Elon College, and the history of education in North Carolina. The collection is a good starting place for genealogical information about the Long family, as well as general information about the early days of Elon College, especially in relation to William S. Long.

Dates

  • 1870-2006

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

The nature of the Archives and Special Collections of Belk Library means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The Archives and Special Collections of Belk Library claims only physical ownership of most materials. The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to the U.S. Copyright Law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

Biographical / Historical

Note: The numbers cited in parenthesis refer the researchers to the Series#:Folder# in which that name/topic will be found (example 1:5)

Early Years and Education: * William Samuel Long was born October 22, 1839 in Alamance County near Graham, NC. There are also a few sources that state he was born in Orange County, NC (3:10, 5:1) * Growing up, W.S. Long attended local public school and an academy in the community (3:2) * In July of 1858 he was educated at a teacher's institute that was held in the Graham court house under the supervision and direction of Reverend W.H. Doherty (5:7, 5:11) * In 1872, he was granted a Master of Arts Degree from Trinity College in Randolph County. Later in 1892 Trinity College moved to Durham County and later was named Duke University (3:2) * In 1890, he was granted Doctor of Divinity degree from Union Christian College in Muncie, Indiana (3:2)

Career: * Beginning in 1861, W.S. Long was a teacher in Halifax County, VA (3:1, 3:5) * After the Civil War in 1865, he established the Graham Female Seminary which later was named Graham High School, which was later chartered as Graham Normal College in 1880, and named Graham College in 1887. This school existed until 1889/1890 when Elon College was chartered in 1889 (3:1, 3:5) * W.S. Long was one of the founder's of Elon College and served as the college's first president from 1889-1894 (3:1, 3:5) * In 1894 W.S. Long resigned from Elon College and served as a minister in churches in both North Carolina and Virginia, as well as being the superintendent of public schools in Alamance County (3:1, 3:5, 3:10, 5:17) * He served in these capacities until 1910, when he moved to Chapel Hill, NC (3:1, 3:5, 3:10) * There is also record that he served as a professor of English at the Normal school that was part of the University of North Carolina (now University of North Carolina at Greensboro) (5:5)

Family: * W.S. Long's father was Jacob Long and his mother was Jane Stuart Stockard Long (she was the daughter of the Colonel John Stockard) (3:2, 3:3, 3:6, 5:1) * W.S. Long's parents were married on January 3, 1833 (3:2, 3:2, 3:6, 5:1) * On June 25, 1861 W.S. Long married Artelia Elizabeth Jane Faucette (she was the daughter of John Faucette, then Clerk of Superior Court in Alamance County) (3:2) * They had many children, not all survived infancy. Annie L. Holleman, W.S. Long, Jr., Benjamin Long, Edgar Long, Julia Long (did not survive infancy), Lizzie Jane Long Franklin (married Mr. Albert Franklin of Richmond, VA) (3:2, 3:3, 3:6, 5:1) * Benjamin and Edgar Long both graduated from Elon College in June of 1893 (3:2) * On October 27, 1903, Elizabeth Faucette passed away * W.S. Long re-married on April 19, 1905 to Mary Virginia Ames (Gaskins?) (3:2) * For more information on all the brothers of W.S. Long and some of his children, please refer to the following series/folders in this collection 3:3-3:6

Memberships: * For eight years, W.S. Long served as the President of the Southern Christian Convention (3:2) * Member of the North Carolina Conference (3:10) * Member of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Board of Trustees (3:10) * Chairman of County Superintendents of North Carolina and conducted Teachers' Institutes around the state (5:5) * October 1860-licensed to preach by the North Carolina Conference of the Christian Church (5:11)

Later Years: * On July 30, 1924, W.S. Long was in a tragic auto accident (3:10, 5:1) * On August 3, 1924 he passed away in the hospital in Sanford, NC (3:10, 5:1) * W.S. Long is buried in the Long plot in Linwood cemetery with both of his wives next to him. His younger brother Daniel is also buried in the Linwood cemetery (3:6)

Biographical Sources: Mss.Coll.#007-3:1-3:3, 3:6, 3:7, 3:10, 3:11, 5:1-5:3, 5:5, 5:7, 5:9, 5:11-5:14, 5:17, 5:18

Extent

1.4 Linear Feet (4 archival boxes)

Language of Materials

English

Abstract

This collection contains printed and visual materials that pertain to the first president of Elon College, William Samuel Long. The items in this collection are not necessarily papers that were generated by him during his tenure as president of Elon College during 1889-1894, but materials that have been collected by others over the years that relate to W.S. Long. The few original items in the collection from W.S. Long can be found in the following series: Correspondence and Literary Productions. There is a combination of original and reproduced materials throughout this collection.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged alphabetically by type of material into five series, then chronologically within each series, where applicable. The series are: Books; Correspondence; Literary Productions; Photographs; Printed Material.

Physical Location

The collection is located in the Carol Grotnes Belk Library Archives and Special Collections at Elon University. Please contact the Archives and Special Collections staff for further details about the location.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Unknown

Related Materials

Please consult with the Archives and Special Collections staff for additional information about materials related to this collection.

Processing Information

Processed by Katie Nash, April, 2007.
Author
Encoded by Katie Nash, January, 2008.
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Undetermined
Script of description
Code for undetermined script

Repository Details

Part of the Belk Library Archives & Special Collections Repository

Contact:
Belk Library, Room 204
Campus Box 2550
Elon U.S.A. - North Carolina 27244